Discover the vineyards and wines of Burgundy
Dozens of appellations, Climats classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, a long and rich winegrowing history and rapidly changing know-how: Burgundy is one of those regions that are inseparable from vine and wine and whose name still rings out pleasantly in the ears of oenologists, both amateurs and experienced. From Auxerre in the north to Mâcon in the south, via Beaune, Chalon-sur-Saône, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Chablis or Auxerre, we invite you to discover one of the most complex and richest vineyards in France.
The Burgundy vineyards are spread over three departments: Yonne, Côte d'Or and Saône-et-Loire. The Nièvre belongs to the vineyards of the Centre and the Loire Valley.
It runs for 250 km between Chablis and Mâcon and has 29,500 hectares of vines, of which 25,000 give rise to AOCs. Burgundy produces 1,500,000 hectolitres of wine per year, mainly white wine (60%).
The Burgundy vineyard is very fragmented. It is made up of lieux-dits and Climats, parcels of vines delimited to the nearest metre, each with its own characteristics, giving rise to a mosaic of wines and appellations.
Four grape varieties are grown. Pinot Noir produces particularly popular red wines. Chardonnay is the king of Burgundy's white wines. Gamay, in red, is omnipresent in the Mâconnais region, where it is largely responsible for its reputation. Aligoté gives birth to white wines and Crémant de Bourgogne.
There are 84 AOCs in Burgundy. The most famous are the Premiers Crus and Grands Crus, prestigious wines mainly from the vineyards of the Côte de Nuits and Côte de Beaune. Alongside them, more affordable, there are some fine Village or Regional appellations, notably in the Côte Châlonnaise and the Mâconnais.
The Burgundian appellations are hierarchically classified according to their geographical location, their yield, their grape variety and the minimum natural degree of the harvest. They are distributed as follows.
There are 6 of these appellations, including Bourgogne Aligoté, Mâcon Villages, Côteaux Bourguignons, Passetoutgrain, etc. They are an excellent way to discover Burgundy wines.
There are 44 of them, produced in one village, or even two or more; the name of the commune serves as the appellation. They include Mercurey, Pommard, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Puligny-Montrachet and Pouilly-Fuissé.
AOC Premiers Crus
There are 562 AOC Villages with Premier Cru status. They are produced on a particular Climat of a village and take their name from the commune associated with the appellation "Premier Cru", or even just from the name of the parcel. Examples include: Chablis Premier Cru, Volnay Premier Cru, Beaune Premier Cru, etc.
AOC Grands Crus
The 33 Grands Crus appellations are some of the finest wines in Burgundy, often described as exceptional. These prestigious wines are mainly produced on the Côte de Nuits and Côte de Beaune, where the so-called "Champs-Elysées of Burgundy" is located, a tourist route that passes through 37 villages between Dijon and Santenay: Marsannay, Fixin, Gevrey-Chambertin, Vougeot, Aloxe-Corton, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Vosne-Romanée, etc.
The Grand Crus are most often named after the Climat on which they are produced: Corton, Montrachet, Romanée-Saint-Vincent, La Tâche, Romanée-Conti, Richebourg, Clos de Vougeot, Bâtard-Montrachet, etc.
Red wine, white wine, crémant: Burgundy is the source of a rich diversity of products. They represent a history, a know-how and, above all, a terroir. The region offers a wide variety of vineyards, each very different from the other.
Chablis and Grand Auxerrois
In the Chablis region, in the Yonne, Chardonnay reigns supreme. Chablis Grand Cru and Premier Cru, Petit Chablis and Chablis are among the white Burgundy wines to be discovered.
The Grand Auxerrois is made up of several small vineyards, such as the Tonnerrois, the Vézelien and the Jovinien. All the Burgundian grape varieties are represented: chardonnay and aligoté for the white wines, gamay and pinot noir for the red wines.
Côte de Nuits and Haute Côte de Nuits
This is the domain of pinot noir and grands crus: Chambertin, Clos de la Roche, Romanée-Conti, Grands Echezeaux, Musigny... are often synonymous with prestigious wines. Several AOC Villages also make the reputation of the region: Chambolle-Musigny, Fixin, Gevrey-Chambertin, Vougeot, Vosne-Romanée, Marsannay...
Côte de Beaune and Haute Côte de Beaune
Pinot Noir dominates, particularly in Volnay, Pommard and Ladoix. The Chardonnay does wonders in Corton and Meursault. Among the great wines, let us quote Corton-Charlemagne and Montrachet. AOC Villages are also very famous: Beaune, Savigny-lès-Beaune, Puligny-Montrachet, Chassagne, Aloxe-Corton...
Côte Chalonnaise and Couchois
Chardonnay and Pinot Noir are the main grape varieties grown in this vineyard which stretches between Beaune and the Mâconnais. There are some "Villages" appellations such as Bouzeron (aligoté for its part), Givry, Mercurey... Regional appellations are also produced here: Bourgogne Côte Chalonnaise, Bourgogne Côte du Couchois.
This is the southernmost vineyard of Burgundy and where Chardonnay reigns for the whites and Gamay for the reds. Find regional AOCs such as Mâcon, Mâcon-Village, etc. as well as AOC Villages such as Pouilly-Fuissé, Saint-Véran, Viré-Clessé, etc.
It is here, in the north of Burgundy, that the main white and rosé crémants of the region are produced. Pinot Noir and Chardonnay dominate. However, we also find Gamay and Aligoté.