Designations by the dozens, climates classified world heritage of UNESCO, a long and rich wine history and know-how changing: Burgundy is part of these inseparable territories of the vine and wine, and whose name resonates always pleasantly in the ears of oenologists, amateurs and confirmed. Auxerre in the North to Macon to the South, passing through Beaune, Chalon, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Chablis or Auxerre, we invite you to discover one of the most complex vineyards and the richest in France.
The Burgundy Vineyards unfolds on three departments: Yonne and Saône-et-Loire and the Gold Coast. Nièvre belongs for its part to Center and the Loire Valley Vineyards.
He runs on 250 km between Chablis and Mason and has 29 500 hectares of vineyards, which 25 000 give birth to the AOC. Burgundy produced 1 500 000 hectoliters of wine annually, mainly white wine (at 60%).
The vineyards of Burgundy is very fragmented. It is composed of places and climates, parcels of vineyard delimited to the metre and that, each has its own characteristics, giving birth to a mosaic of wines and appellations.
Four varieties are cultivated. Pinot noir gives particularly popular Red wines. Chardonnay is the grape King of white wines of Burgundy. The gamay, in red, is omnipresent in the Mâconnais, which he is largely known. The Aligoté gives birth to white wines and crémant de Bourgogne.
In Burgundy are counted 84 AOC. The most famous are the Premiers Crus and Grand Crus, essentially from prestige wines from the vineyards of the Côte de Beaune and the night side. Alongside them, more affordable, are of beautiful Village appellations or regional, including Chalonnaise and the Mâconnais.
Burgundy appellations are prioritized based on their location, their performance, their grape variety and the natural minimum level of the harvest. They are as follows.
They are 6. Bourgogne Aligoté, Macon Villages, hills Burgundians, Passetoutgrain names... belong and are a great way to discover the wines of Burgundy.
The number 44, they are produced on a village, or two or more; the name of the commune is naming. They include Mercurey, Pommard, Puligny-Montrachet, Nuits-Saint-Georges, and Pouilly-Fuissé.
The Villages AOC are 562 to associate the Premier Cru status. They are produced on a special climate of a village and take their name from the town associated with the appellation "Premier Cru", or even only in the name of the parcel. For example: Chablis Premier Cru, Volnay Premier Cru, Beaune Premier Cru, etc.
33 Grand Cru appellations are among the best references of Burgundy, often qualified as exceptional wines. These prestige wines are mainly produced on the night side and lands of the Côte de Beaune, where besides the so-called the "Champs-Elysees of Burgundy", a tourist road between Dijon and Santenay, crossing 37 villages: Marsannay, Fixin, Gevrey-Chambertin, Vougeot, Aloxe-Corton, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Vosne-Romanée, etc.
The grands crus most often take the name of the climate in which they are produced: Corton, Montrachet, Romanée-St.-Vincent, La Tache, Romanée-Conti, Richebourg, Clos de Vougeot, bastard-Montrachet, etc.
Red wine, white wine, crémant: Burgundy is at the origin of a rich diversity of products. These represent a history, know-how and, above all, a terroir. The region offers a wide variety of vineyards, very different from each other.
In the region of Chablis, in the Yonne, reigns supreme chardonnay. Chablis Grand Cru and Premier Cru, Petit Chablis and Chablis are part of these white wines of Burgundy to discover.
The Grand Auxerrois is made up of several small vineyards, such as the Tonnerrois and the Vèzelay the Jovinian. All Burgundian varietals are represented: chardonnay and aligote for whites, gamay and pinot black for red wines.
This is the area of pinot noir and great wines: Chambertin, Clos of the rock, Grand Echezeaux, Romanee-Conti, Musigny... are often synonymous with prestige wines. Several Villages AOC also make the reputation of the region: Chambolle-Musigny, Fixin, Gevrey-Chambertin, Vougeot, Vosne-Romanée, Marsannay...
Pinot noir dominates, especially in Volnay, Pommard or Ladoix. The chardonnay is Wonderland Meursault and Corton. The wines include Montrachet and Corton-Charlemagne. AOC villages are also very famous: Beaune, Aloxe-Corton, Savigny-les-Beaune, Puligny-Montrachet, Chassagne...
Chardonnay and pinot noir are the main varietals operated on this vineyard that stretches between Beaune and Mâconnais. We find names Villages such as Bouzeron (Aligoté for his part), Givry, Mercurey... The regional appellations are also produced here: Bourgogne Côte Chalonnaise, Burgundy side of the lay.
It's the vineyard at the South of Burgundy and where chardonnay for whites and gamay for Red reign. Find regional AOC such as Macon, Macon-Village, etc. as well as AOC Villages such as Saint-Véran, Pouilly-Fuissé, Vire-Clesse, etc.
It is here, in northern Burgundy, are produced the main region, in white and pink crémants. It's pinot noir and chardonnay that dominate. However, we also found gamay and Aligoté.