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Bordeaux

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The vineyards of Bordeaux, prestigious castles in original discoveries

His reputation is more to do. Considered the world capital of wine, Bordeaux enjoys an international reputation and, of course, to a high demand. The Vineyard has very many names and vintages from the world's most prestigious. Alongside these wines of legend, whose prices are regularly, the vineyards of Bordeaux offers a wide variety of wines much more affordable for fans.

General presentation of the vineyards of Bordeaux

The vineyards of Bordeaux is located in new-Aquitaine and covers the Department of the Gironde, which is traditionally the vineyards of the South-West which adjacent excluded. He deploys his nearly 0 000 hectares of hand and side of the estuary of the Gironde, in which flow the Garonne and the Dordogne. Between these two rivers and their banks, the Bordeaux vineyards continues up to the borders of the Dordogne and the Lot-et-Garonne.

Here, the flagship grape is merlot. For red wines, which constitute the bulk of production in the region, he generally associated with cabernet sauvignon and cabernet franc. Semillon, sauvignon and muscadelle grapes for dry, fluffy, and sweet white wines are.

Appellations

The vineyards of Bordeaux is at the origin of several dozen regional and communal appellations. The AOC system, to include the "classified" wines of the Médoc and Sauternes, as well as great wines of Graves and Saint-Emilion.

Traditionally, to understand the diversity of terroirs, one divides the vineyard of Bordeaux in different subsets:

The vineyards of the Medoc

Without doubt the most prestigious vineyards in the Bordeaux region insofar as there are wines known worldwide, including the crus Château Lafite-Rothschild, chateau Latour, or chateau Mouton-Rothschild. The Médoc extends on the left bank of the Gironde, Northwest of Bordeaux. In addition to the prestigious AOC Pauillac, Saint-Julien, Margaux or Saint-Estephe, the region also offers "bourgeois" of high quality and affordable vintages. The reds make the identity of the wines of the Medoc: the trio cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, merlot is joined by the small verdot and malbec.

The vineyards of the Medoc has two regional appellations:

  • Médoc
  • Haut-Médoc

And six communal appellations:

  • Listrac-Médoc
  • Margaux
  • Moulis-Médoc
  • Pauillac
  • Saint-Estèphe
  • Saint-Julien

The vineyards of Graves

South of the Médoc, this region extends over the left bank of the Garonne River to the borders of the Lot-et-Garonne, between Bordeaux and Langon. The crus of the high Castle Brion (pessac-Léognan) are the only ones to represent the bass in the ranking of the Bordeaux wines in 1855.

The vineyards of Graves has two regional titles and two communal appellations:

  • Graves
  • Serious superior (only of the fluffy white wines)
  • Pessac-Léognan
  • Cérons

Here also dominate the red wines with cabernet sauvignon and merlot, in addition to the cabernet franc and malbec. White people have involved traditional semillon and sauvignon.

The vineyard of Sauternes

The vineyard of Sauternes forms an enclave in the bass region. Its very particular climate is at the origin of a production of sweet white wines of exception, whose Château D'yquem is one of the famous representatives. They are the result of the blend of semillon, sauvignon and muscadelle grapes. Two names are produced on this appellation area:

  • Sauternes
  • Barsac

The vineyard of the in-between-seas

It is located between the two rivers flowing into the Gironde estuary: the North Dordogne and the Garonne River to the South. This vast wine region is the origin of several AOC, regional and communal:

  • In-between-seas
  • First Coast-Bordeaux
  • Sides-de-Bordeaux-Saint-Macaire
  • Cadillac
  • Loupiac
  • Sainte-Croix-du-Mont
  • Bordeaux-high-Benauge
  • In-between-seas-top-Benauge
  • Graves Vayre
  • Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux

White wine dry and fluffy the in-between-seas are particularly appreciated. The sweet wines of the Cadillac, Loupiac and Sainte-Croix-du-Mont labels are also the reputation of the region. It is also dominated by 'generic' Bordeaux appellation wines available in three colors and where the discoveries are not uncommon.

The vineyards of the Libourne

Saint-Emilion, Pomerol, Fronsac, are Libourne region she also global references of wine. This vineyard extends on the right bank of the Dordogne and done the Nice merlot share as well as the cabernet franc. The names are many and come as many castles of prestige than of affordable areas.

  • Fronsac
  • Canon Fronsac
  • Pomerol
  • Lalande-de-Pomerol
  • Saint-Emilion
  • Saint-Emilion vintage
  • Mountain-Saint-Emilion
  • Saint-Georges-Saint-Émilion
  • Lussac-Saint-Emilion
  • Puisseguin-Saint-Emilion
  • Sides Bordeaux
  • Castillon-sides-of-Bordeaux
  • Francs-sides-of-Bordeaux

The vineyards of Blaye and Bourgeais (high-Gironde)

On the right bank of the Gironde, in front of the Medoc and to the borders with the Charente-Maritime, this vineyard spread around the cities of Blaye and Bourg has a few names:

  • Blaye
  • Sides of Blaye
  • Blaye Bordeaux side
  • Sides of town

Bordeaux rankings

In 1855, on the occasion of the universal exhibition in Paris, Bordeaux wines were prioritized in a ranking that has virtually not changed since and which always refers. This ranking relates to the wines of the Medoc and Sauternes. Only the Château Haut-Brion (pessac-Léognan) represents the Graves and is rateder thought, alongside of the Châteaux Lafite-Rothschild (pauillac), Château Latour (pauillac), Château Margaux (margaux) and Château Mouton-Rothschild (pauillac). Castle of Yquem is for its part filed 1er raw top of Sauternes.

Other rankings

Because they were not included in the classification of 1855, the Bordeaux wine world actors have in turn created their own ranking:

  • Classification of the bourgeois growths of the Médoc: founded in 1932, it concerns wines of the Medoc and Haut-Médoc
  • Classification of the wines of St. Emilion: created in 1955 and revisable every year, it ranked the Saint-Emilion in 1st major crus has, 1st wines classified B and Grand Cru.
  • Classification of Graves wine: established in 1959, it is the red and white wines exclusively in pessac-Léognan (with the exception of Château Haut-Brion)