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It rhymes with great opportunity and party, with elegance and refinement. Champagne and its fine golden bubbles invite contemplation as well as tasting. Renowned the world over, yet it is produced on a set of plots gathered mainly around Reims and Epernay, there where the most beautiful wineries and the most prestigious Champagne houses. Before you lift your Cup, we will learn more about this sparkling wine.
Champagne, sparkling wine that inevitably rhymes with celebration and refinement, is produced in the region whose name it bears. On some 30,000 hectares of vines are grown the three main grape varieties that allow its manufacture: chardonnay, pinot noir and the Miller. According to the traditional champenoise method, champagne is the result of Assembly of these varieties, to which may be added the arbane, little Marshall, true gray pinot (Fox) and white pinot true. This is one of the characteristics of champagne: here, award-winning Assembly, be it at the level of the grapes, but also of the vintages of the wines.
In Champagne, the vine is cultivated since antiquity and it's 17e century, notably through the use of the bottle of wine and the Cork, a naturally "bubbly" wine is discovered. At the same time, the famous dom Pérignon assembles for the first time in the grapes of wines and different varieties; He also laid the foundations for making foam, essential phenomenon to make sparkling wine.
Since then, the champagne proudly gained its letters of nobility. Large houses are sounding their brand of prestige all over the world: Ruinart, Bollinger, Laurent-Perrier, Mumm, Pannier, Taittinger, Veuve Clicquot... to name but a few. Small houses and winemakers also produce of quality champagnes and animate this landscape of their know-how and their vision for the future.
The area where champagne is produced is clearly marked by an act of 1927. It has 4 major production areas:
The champagne vineyards has 30,000 hectares of vine, spread across these 4 large areas very different from each other. More than 630 Commons make up this vineyard northernmost France.
The Champagne is the only region in France, claiming only a single name. Some 320 wines benefit from the AOC Champagne. However, the mention of origin is not required. The 34 000 hectares of vineyards are divided in addition to 270 000 plots, each with its own peculiarities. This unique fragmentation gives rise to a wide variety of terroirs and vintages. These are classified into three categories:
The champagne vineyards is also at the origin of "still" wines, i.e. that doesn't sparkle: the champagne hillsides and the pink of the Riceys.
Here is some information that will help you better understand the world of champagne and make your choice. First, be aware that different types of champagnes are offered:
Initials that you identify the bottler are mentioned on their label:
Alongside the large and prestigious champagne brands, you will find a rich mosaic of references, more or less confidential, so who will also sparkling moments during which you can enjoy them.